Posts by powersurge

    Hi squirtbrnr ,

    I updated the upods.net guide that I wrote to select "No Mapping" on the Synology. After changing that setting on my Synology, I noticed that I was still getting a "connection refused" error. After checking the log, I saw that I just needed to create a folder at /storage/.cache/ssh on the TFTP server and then I was able to establish an SSH connection. I am also using a Raspberry Pi 3 and have the same issue with booting. I found that by copying a newer version of bootcode.bin to a blank micro SD card fixes the problem, but then an SD card is still having to be used which kinda defeats the purpose of network booting.

    Thank you, chewitt! I saw that wiki article, but network booting on the Raspberry Pi's are done a little differently. Here is what I did to make it all work... Please let me know if I have provided any incorrect information. Thanks!


    First, download the LibreElec image files for all architectures of Raspberry Pi’s on the network (i.e. RPi1, RPI3)

    If your router acts as the DHCP server in your network then it will need to support network booting (most do not) if you want to continue to use it as the DHCP server, otherwise you will need to disable DHCP on your router and setup a DHCP server on your NAS. An alternative is to install a Linux firmware to your router if it’s possible (i.e. OpenWRT, DD-WRT, etc.) which is what I ended up doing.

    Synology Setup

    Enable TFTP service on your NAS. (Control Panel -> File Services -> TFTP) and select a root folder to use for network boot files. (i.e. shared folder called “public” with a folder inside called “pxeboot”.)

    Enable NFS service on your NAS. (Control Panel -> File Services -> SMB/AFP/NFS). Now click on “Shared Folder” and select the network share that you chose for network booting (i.e. “public”) and click the “Edit” button. Choose the NFS Permissions tab and click on the “Create” button. Use the following rules:

    Code
    Hostname or IP: *
    Privilage: Read/Write
    Squash: Map all users to admin
    Security: sys

    Make sure the box is ticked for “Enable asynchronous”, “Allow connections from non-privilaged ports (ports higher than 1024)”, and “Allow users to access mounted subfolders” and click on the “OK” button. Click on the “OK” button to enable NFS on the selected share. From a Linux computer, test that the NFS share is now working (i.e. Try to access “nfs://synology/volume1/public”). If you are unable to access the NFS share from another computer on your network, then this issue will need to be resolved first before continuing.

    Inside the root folder that you chose for the network boot files (i.e. “pxeboot”), you will want to create a folder for all of the LibreElec files (i.e. “libreelec”) and then create two folders under that called “System” and “Storage”. Under the “System” folder you will want to create folders for each type of Raspberry Pi architecture that you will be using (i.e. “RPi1”, “RPi3”) and copy all the files from the “LIBREELEC” partition of the downloaded LibreElec image file to the corresponding RPi folder (i.e. “RPi3”). Copy the “bootcode.bin” file to the root folder (i.e. “pxeboot”). Edit the cmdline.txt file and change it to the following while substituting [synology] with the IP address of your NAS:

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    boot=NFS=[synology]:/volume1/public/pxeboot/libreelec/System/RPi3 disk=NFS=[synology]:/volume1/public/pxeboot/libreelec/Storage/@[email protected] quiet ssh ip=dhcp

    Do the same for any other Raspberry Pi architectures on the network.

    Router Setup

    SSH into your router running Linux firmware and add the following to the /etc/config/dhcp file substituting [synology] with the IP address of your NAS:

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    config mac 'rasperrypi'
    option mac 'b8:27:eb:*:*:*'
    option networkid 'rasperrypi'
    list dhcp_option '66,[synology]'
    list dhcp_option '43,Raspberry Pi Boot'

    Reboot your router.

    Raspberry Pi Setup

    For Raspberry Pi 2’s and older: Before a Raspberry Pi will network boot, an SD card that contains at least the “bootcode.bin” file needs to be inserted.

    For Raspberry Pi 3’s only: Before a Raspberry Pi will network boot, it needs to be booted from an SD card with a config option to enable USB boot mode. This will set a bit in the OTP (One Time Programmable) memory in the Raspberry Pi SoC that enables network booting. Once this is done, the SD card is no longer required.

    Install Raspbian Lite (or Raspbian with Raspberry Pi Desktop) on the SD card in the usual way. Once booted up, log in and get the serial number of the Pi using the following command:

    $ cat /proc/cpuinfo

    Look for where it says “Serial” and write down the last 8 characters of this number because you will need it for later.

    Program USB boot mode (for Raspberry Pi 3 Only)

    First, prepare the /boot directory with the latest boot files:

    Code
    sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

    Now, enable USB boot mode with the following command:

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    echo program_usb_boot_mode=1 | sudo tee -a /boot/config.txt

    This adds program_usb_boot_mode=1 to the end of /boot/config.txt. Reboot the Raspberry Pi with sudo reboot. Once the client Raspberry Pi has rebooted, check that the OTP has been programmed with:

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    $ vcgencmd otp_dump | grep 17:
    17:3020000a

    Ensure the output 0x3020000a is correct.

    The client configuration is almost done. The final thing to do is to remove the program_usb_boot_mode line from config.txt (make sure there is no blank line at the end). You can do this with sudo nano /boot/config.txt, for example. Finally, shut the client Raspberry Pi down with sudo poweroff.

    Finishing Up

    SSH into your Synology NAS and create a symlink for each Raspberry Pi that will be network booted substituting [arch] with the corresponding architecture (i.e. “RPi3”) and [serial] with the serial number of the Pi that you wrote down earlier:

    sudo ln -s /volume1/public/pxeboot/libreelec/System/[arch] /volume1/public/pxeboot/[serial]

    Also, create a folder under “Storage” for this Pi substituting [serial] with the serial number of the Pi that you wrote down earlier:

    mkdir /volume1/public/pxeboot/libreelec/Storage/[serial]

    Connect this Pi to the network and power it up. It should now network boot to LibreElec.

    I would like to configure my RPi3's to boot LibreElec over the network. I have a Synology with a working NFS share, but I am having trouble finding information on how to set this up. If somebody can point me to a Wiki article on how to set this up then I would appreciate the help. I'd also be willing to contribute a Wiki article if one doesn't exist yet once I get this all working. Thank you in advance!